Royal Watch 1947: See Queen Elizabeth II Marry Prince Philip (News)

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While you hear the time period “royal wedding ceremony,” Prince Harry and Meghan Markle, Prince William and Kate Middleton, and Prince Charles and Woman Diana Spencer is likely to be the primary {couples} who spring to thoughts. However what about Queen Elizabeth II and Prince Philip’s massive day?

Whereas the couple just lately celebrated their 71st wedding ceremony anniversary, their romance was removed from a fairytale. Elizabeth’s household wasn’t thrilled with the pairing, and Philip’s German heritage meant that he could not invite his sisters to attend. There was drama, and romance, and items galore—to not point out one ill-timed damaged tiara. Learn on for all of the royally fascinating particulars about Queen Elizabeth II and Prince Philip’s wedding ceremony.

1. THE COUPLE MET AT ANOTHER ROYAL WEDDING.

A 1933 painting of Princess Elizabeth

Weddings are often called an incredible place to fulfill potential mates, and Elizabeth and Philip show that, although it will take greater than 10 years for them to get collectively. Which is for one of the best, as (then-Princess) Elizabeth was solely Eight years previous when she first met Philip on the 1934 wedding ceremony of Princess Marina of Greece and Denmark (Philip’s cousin) to Prince George, Duke of Kent (Elizabeth’s uncle). The 2, who’re distant cousins, met once more in 1939, and started a type of courtship through written correspondence (the 1930s equal of texting).

2. HE POPPED THE QUESTION AT BALMORAL CASTLE.

The exterior of Balmoral Castle

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The couple did not get to see a lot of one another throughout World Battle II, as Philip was a Royal Navy officer. In 1946, Philip was again in London and a daily customer to Buckingham Palace. That very same yr, whereas spending a month at Balmoral Fortress in Scotland, Philip proposed to Elizabeth—who fortunately, and instantly, accepted.

3. THEY KEPT THEIR ENGAGEMENT A SECRET FOR A WHILE.

Princess Elizabeth (future Queen Elizabeth II) and her Fiance Philip Mountbatten (also the Duke of Edinburgh) pose in the Buckingham Palace on July 09, 1947 in London, the day their engagement was officially announced.

AFP/Getty Pictures

Whereas Elizabeth was fast to just accept Philip’s marriage proposal, that is not the way in which that royal marriages work. Elizabeth’s dad and mom—her father, the King, particularly—ought to have been consulted. When he discovered of his daughter’s plans, he agreed to let the wedding go ahead—however provided that the couple waited till after her 21st birthday to announce their engagement. They agreed. On July 9, 1947, the official public announcement was made. And the couple tied the knot on November 20, 1947, simply over 4 months later.

4. ELIZABETH’S FATHER WAS NOT THRILLED ABOUT HER CHOICE OF MATE.

 From left to right, Princess Elizabeth, Queen Elizabeth, King George VI, and Princess Margaret Rose wave from the balcony of Buckingham Palace August 15, 1945 on VJ Day in London, England

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Although they ultimately got here round, Elizabeth’s dad and mom weren’t overjoyed by her relationship with Philip. “Regardless of Philip’s British background and his positive battle file, George VI was deeply fearful about how British opinion, notably its left wing, would take to a Greek Prince because the husband of the heiress presumptive,” in accordance with a 1957 article in TIME Journal. “There was additionally one thing about his daughter’s brash younger man along with his loud, boisterous snigger and his blunt, seagoing manners that irritated the light King. Moreover, the man could not shoot.”

Capturing prowess apart, it was apparent that Elizabeth had no plans of backing down—or out. On the King’s request, Lord Louis Mountbatten (Philip’s uncle) started quietly sussing out what the general public’s opinion of the match is likely to be. When a ballot within the Sunday Pictorial (now the Sunday Mirror) confirmed that 64 % of its readership was rooting for the couple, Elizabeth lastly received her means.

It is price noting that these within the direct line of succession to the throne should obtain permission to marry from the reigning monarch. So if Elizabeth and Philip had not obtained her dad’s blessing, their love story may have had a a lot completely different ending.

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5. THEY WERE TOLD TO KEEP IT LOW-KEY.

 The title page of a bible dedicated to Princess Elizabeth to commemorate her marriage to Lietenant Phillip Mountbatten. A gift from the Young Women's Catholic Association of Great Britain

Reg Speller, Fox Images/Getty Pictures

On condition that the nation was simply rising from World Battle II, many political insiders took it upon themselves to warn King George VI that it was vital for the morale of England that the younger couple maintain it easy. In line with David Kynaston’s Austerity Britain, 1945-1951, the King was informed that, “Any banqueting and show at your daughter’s wedding ceremony can be an insult to the British individuals this present day … and we’d think about that you’d be nicely suggested to order a really quiet wedding ceremony in step with the occasions.”

6. HER WEDDING DRESS WAS INSPIRED BY A FAMOUS BOTTICELLI PAINTING.

Botticelli's

Sir Norman Hartnell had the honour of designing Princess Elizabeth’s wedding ceremony robe, and he took his inspiration from Primavera, a big panel, 15th-century work by famed Italian Renaissance painter Sandro Botticelli. Particularly, in accordance with the Royal Belief Assortment, he believed that it symbolized “rebirth and development after the battle.”

Hartnell’s design for the costume was not accredited till the center of August, giving him lower than three months to finish the costume, which was fabricated from ivory silk and decked out with crystals and 10,000 fastidiously curated seed pearls.

7. SHE PAID FOR HER DRESS WITH RATION COUPONS.

A sketch of Princess Elizabeth's wedding dress by Norman Hartnell

Central Press/Getty Pictures

Within the wake of World Battle II, extreme rationing measures had been in impact, which included clothes. And no exceptions had been being made—not even for future queens. So Elizabeth, like so many different brides on the time, needed to save up her ration playing cards with a purpose to buy the material required to create her costume. When the general public caught wind of this, a whole lot of individuals from across the nation despatched their very own ration playing cards to the princess with a purpose to pay for the fabric. (Whereas she appreciated the gesture, it will have been unlawful for her to make use of them, so she needed to return all of them.)

8. PHILIP DESIGNED THE RING WITH HIS MOTHER’S DIAMONDS.

A jeweler measures a diamond

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Although Philip Antrobus is the official jeweler accountable for the Queen’s platinum engagement ring, Prince Philip had a distinguished hand in its design. And the ring—a 3-carat spherical diamond stunner surrounded by 10 smaller pave diamonds—got here with a really private connection: the diamonds got here from the tiara that Philip’s mom, Princess Alice of Battenberg, wore on her wedding ceremony day (a present from Tsar Nicholas II and Tsarina Alexandra of Russia). There have been sufficient diamonds left over that the ring got here with an identical bracelet, which Philip gave to Elizabeth as a marriage reward.

9. ELIZABETH HAD A LAST-MINUTE TIARA MALFUNCTION.

 Princess Elizabeth's wedding dress, designed by Norman Hartnell, is displayed at the 'Royal Wedding: 20 Novermber 1957' exhibition at Buckingham Palace on July 27, 2007 in London

Peter Macdiarmid, Getty Pictures

Talking of tiaras: the one which Elizabeth wore on her wedding ceremony day belonged to her mom and was often called Queen Mary’s Fringe Tiara. With its 47 distinctive diamond bars, it is maybe one of many world’s most well-known tiaras. It was designed in 1919 by E. Wolff & Co. for Garrard & Co. utilizing the diamonds from a fringe necklace Mary had obtained as a marriage reward from Queen Victoria. (These royals positive do know the right way to recycle their fancy jewellery.) It is a versatile piece, too: the perimeter might be faraway from the body and worn as a necklace. That proved to be a little bit of a blessing on Princess Elizabeth’s wedding ceremony day when the body of the tiara snapped as she was placing it on. Thankfully, the courtroom jeweler was standing proper there in case of simply such an emergency.

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10. PHILIP HAD TWO STAG PARTIES.

Lieutenant Philip Mountbatten, prior to his marriage to Princess Elizabeth, talking to a group of Naval officers on his return to Royal Navy duties, at the Petty Officers Training Centre in Corsham, Wiltshire, July 31st 1947

Douglas Miller, Keystone/Getty Pictures

Whereas the couple agreed to maintain the ceremony itself as low-key as doable, Philip’s stag celebration was one other story. The night time earlier than the marriage, Philip hosted a bachelor celebration at London’s Dorchester Membership … with media in attendance.

“An keen press had been invited, but it surely was meant to look at the protocol of the day, which revered the privateness of the royals,” Claire Stewart wrote in As Lengthy As We Each Shall Eat: A Historical past of Marriage ceremony Meals and Feasts. “The prince’s group should have been having some type of enjoyable, as a result of ultimately the flash bulbs of the journalists’ cameras had been torn off and stamped on the bottom, with the groom’s celebration transferring on to the closed doorways of the Belfry Membership.”

11. THERE WERE LOTS OF TITLE CHANGES JUST BEFORE THE CEREMONY.

Princess Elizabeth of Great Britain and her husband Philip the Duke of Edinburgh, pose during their honeymoon, 25 November 1947 in Broadlands estate, Hampshire

AFP/Getty Pictures

There are particular guidelines which are required for marrying into the royal household, lots of them set by the Act of Settlement, 1701. Consequently, Philip had a bit of labor to do earlier than the marriage: along with renouncing his Greek and Danish titles, he took on the surname of his (British) mom’s household. He was additionally required to transform from Greek Orthodoxy to Anglicanism. King George made it price his whereas although: the day earlier than the marriage, he bestowed the “His Royal Highness” tackle styling on Philip. On the morning of their wedding ceremony, he gave him a complete mouthful of different titles: Duke of Edinburgh, Earl of Merioneth, and Baron Greenwich.

12. THEY WERE MARRIED AT WESTMINSTER ABBEY.

London's Westminster Abbey

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Elizabeth and Philip adopted within the footsteps of her dad and mom once they married at Westminster Abbey at 10:30 a.m. on November 20, 1947. Practically a quarter-century earlier than, on April 26, 1923, Elizabeth’s dad and mom—King George VI and Queen Elizabeth (then often called the Duke and Duchess of York)—additionally married at Westminster Abbey. Princess Elizabeth was the tenth member of the royal household to be wed on the Abbey.

13. SHE CARRIED MYRTLE IN HER BOUQUET, WHICH IS A ROYAL TRADITION.

 A recreation of the Duchess of Cambridge's wedding bouquet is photographed before it goes on display at Buckingham Palace during the annual summer opening on July 20, 2011 in London, England.

Lewis Whyld, WPA Pool/ Getty Pictures

Princess Elizabeth’s white orchid bouquet additionally included a sprig of myrtle from the backyard at Osborne Home, a former royal residence on the Isle of Wight. It was a convention that started with Queen Victoria and has carried on by the ages: Woman Diana Spencer’s bouquet included a sprig of the Osborne Home myrtle, as did Kate Middleton’s (pictured). One other royal custom that Elizabeth adopted: the day after her wedding ceremony, her bouquet was despatched again to Westminster Abbey, the place it was laid atop the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier.

14. THERE WERE 2000 GUESTS IN ATTENDANCE.

Queen Elizabeth II (in coach) and her husband Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh are cheered by the crowd after their wedding ceremony, on November 20, 1947, on their road to Buckingham Palace

AFP/Getty Pictures

Whereas they tried to maintain the lavishness to a minimal (there have been few flowers or different exhibits of extravagance), the visitor listing was, in a phrase, monumental. There have been 2000 company invited to the ceremony, with loads of royals from around the globe in attendance together with the King and Queen of Denmark, the King of Iraq, the Shah of Iran, and Princess Juliana and Prince Bernhard of the Netherlands.

15. THE DUKE OF WINDSOR (A.Okay.A. KING EDWARD VIII) WAS NOT ON THE GUEST LIST.

Wallis Simpson and the Duke of Windsor

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There’s quite a lot of politics that go into who makes the minimize for the visitor listing of any wedding ceremony, however Philip and Elizabeth had much more challenges to muddle by. As a result of the couple married so quickly after World Battle II, it was deemed unacceptable for any of Philip’s German family members to be part of the large day, which meant that he could not invite his three surviving sisters who had all married German princes. Additionally conveniently left off the visitor listing? George’s brother, The Duke of Windsor, a.okay.a. The Royal Previously Generally known as King Edward VIII, who abdicated the throne with a purpose to marry Wallis Simpson, thus altering the road of succession and making Elizabeth the inheritor presumptive.

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16. 200 MILLION PEOPLE AROUND THE WORLD LISTENED TO THE CEREMONY.

Four men and women gather closely together while listening to their home radio console, 1930s

Hulton Archive/Getty Pictures

Whereas waking up early to observe the newest royal wedding ceremony could be the norm immediately (nicely, for as hardly ever as they happen), know-how wasn’t fairly there on the time. Nonetheless, there was sufficient curiosity within the nuptials that greater than 200 million individuals around the globe listened to the couple trade their vows through BBC Radio. Video footage of the occasion made its means into cinemas across the nation shortly thereafter.

17. THEIR WEDDING CAKE WAS 9 FEET TALL.

A slice of a wedding fruitcake

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In step with royal custom, Elizabeth and Philip’s wedding ceremony cake was a fruitcake that earned the nickname “The 10,000-Mile Marriage ceremony Cake” as a result of its components had been sourced from around the globe, together with sugar from Australia’s Lady Guides. That designation may have simply as simply referred to the confection’s peak: the four-tiered cake was 9 ft tall and weighed in at 500 kilos. It was adorned with the arms of each households and featured the monograms of each the bride and groom. In 2015, a 68-year-old slice of that very wedding ceremony cake bought for £500 (about $750 on the time).

18. THEY RECEIVED A LOT OF GIFTS AND WELL-WISHES.

 Wedding presents from Canada including silver candlesticks and a chest of drawers for Princess Elizabeth and Philip Mountbatten on view at St James' Palace

Central Press/Getty Pictures

Primarily based on the variety of items and well-wishes the couple obtained, it appeared as if the entire world was enthusiastic about Elizabeth and Philip’s union. The couple obtained 10,000 telegrams and greater than 2500 items from all around the globe—together with a chunk of cotton lace from Mahatma Gandhi that he spun himself and had embroidered with the phrases “Jai Hind” (“Victory for India”). A field of home-grown apples, 500 tins of pineapple, two dozen purses, 12 bottles of sloe gin, and 131 pairs of nylon stockings had been additionally among the many wedding ceremony loot.

19. THE GIFTS WENT ON DISPLAY—TWICE.

A visitor to the 'Royal Wedding: 20 Novermber 1957' exhibition looks at a selection of gifts given to the royal couple at Buckingham Palace on July 27, 2007 in London. Queen Elizabeth II will be the first reigning sovereign to celebrate a 60th wedding ann

Peter Macdiarmid, Getty Pictures

Quite than maintain the generosity of their well-wishers to themselves, Elizabeth and Philip confirmed off the majority of the numerous fantastic wedding ceremony items they obtained to profit charity. Between 1947 and 1948, greater than 200,000 individuals got here to St. James’s Palace to view the royal wedding ceremony items. A few of these identical items had been showcased once more in 2007, to commemorate the couple’s Diamond Marriage ceremony anniversary, as a part of the “A Royal Marriage ceremony” exhibition.

20. ELIZABETH’S DRESS WAS PUT ON DISPLAY, TOO. THEN WENT ON TOUR.

Princess Elizabeth of England and Philip The Duke of Edinburgh pose on their wedding day, 20 November 1947 in Buckingham Palace

AFP/Getty Pictures

Princess Elizabeth’s iconic costume was additionally placed on show for the general public at St. James’s Palace for curious fashionistas. In order that it wasn’t simply Londoners who had an opportunity to get an up-close take a look at the frock, it then went on a royal tour throughout the UK with stops in Liverpool, Bristol, Nottingham, Manchester, Leeds, and Glasgow.

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